With indoor plumbing, it’s always a matter of time before you call the local plumber. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions in plumbing.
a. How to know that you may have a sewer drainage problem?
A slowly draining sink and/or other backups in the house are a prime telltale sign that you are dealing with a clogged sewer system. It’s not uncommon for one fixture in the house to cause a problem somewhere else. Be observant with your drains. It doesn’t have to be the toilet that’s backing up for there to be a drainage issue elsewhere.
Is there a foul, gassy smell? Sewer drainage that’s in good order is airtight. If there’s a blockage in the system, it may lead to a crack that lets out foul smell. The smell can come out from the sink, the bathtub or toilet.
b. Why Sump Pumps are useful?
They keep the basement dry in the event of a flood. especially if you live in areas prone to a lot of rainfall or snowmelt. Mould and mildew can be avoided or reduced in your basement by installing a sump pump that gets rid of water as soon it gets into the basement.
With no water trapped in your basement, you’ll get the added benefits of better air quality that has less humidity, reduced risk of rotten wooden panels, attracting insects brought on by rotting wood. A significant reduction in electrical and potential fire damage caused by flooding water.
c. What are the main reasons why sewer drainage problems occur?
Sewer problems can be narrowed to at least four main ones.
First: Improper disposal of items down the toilet. The toilet isn’t designed to handle waste items such as facial tissues, diapers, tampons and pet litter. These have been found to clog up the pipes.
Second: Pouring grease down the drain. Think of what cholesterol does to your arteries. The same thing happens to your sewer lines.
Third: Sagging pipes. Pipes age. They rust and spill out. When they sag into the earth and don’t slope straight, it restricts the smooth flow of water thus leading to a blockage.
Fourth: Tree roots growing into your leaking pipes in search of water. They will clog the pipes by filling them up and blocking the flow. Be wary of mature trees in your yard. Roots can bend pipes.
d. How to choose the most suitable water heater?
Consider the following criteria before making a purchase.
1. What will you use to heat the water? Electricity or natural gas?
2. The capacity that you’re interested in.
3. The efficiency of the heater.
4. Running cost of the heater.
e. What to do when water leaks occur?
Stop water flow first. If the leak is in an inaccessible location like the ceiling, shut off the main water line that flows into the premises. If it’s a leaking faucet, turn off the shut-off valve if one is installed. Avoid using it until the fix is done.
f. What to do when water pipes get frozen?
If the frozen pipes are exposed try using a hairdryer, hot towels, applying electrical heating tape and using a heat lump or space heater.
If the pipes are enclosed, increase the temperature of its surroundings, increase the heat on the property’s thermostat. Use an infrared lamp to heat pipes that may be behind walls.
g. How to detect a water leak and are all leaks visible?
Not all leaks are visible. Paint that’s peeling off on walls or a stained ceiling may give an indication of a water leak behind the surface.
Most properties have a metered line, close all water outlets in the house and observe the meter to see whether the meter leak indicator is turning. If it is, you have a leak on your property.
Check the water heater to see if the pressure release valve is held on fast. Some come fitted with an outlet that goes straight to the drain.
Some pipes may leak outside in the yard. Check to see where vegetation may be lush, compared to the rest. This may indicate that the pipe may have a leak underground.
h. What is a tankless water heater and how it works?
These are heaters that do not store any heated water. They heat the water that runs while the device is in use. They can operate on natural gas or electricity.
i. How garbage disposals work?
The garbage disposal unit is fitted in between the drain and the trap. Inside this device is a grinding chamber. Disposed particles will flow into it with the water and be shredded into smaller pieces.
j. How to clean a garbage disposal?
Never put your hand inside the garbage disposal while cleaning it.
1. Using a pair of tongs, clear out any non – disposable items that may be inside. Remember to purge the drain once you’re done. This will ensure that all the leftover particles are cleared. This can be done by filling the sink with about 2 – 4 inches of water and then removing the plug to let the water drain. Never use bleach or other chemicals, including drain cleaners. These can damage the device or splash back.
2. Pour ice cubes, about two glasses, and a glass of rock salt or vinegar into the disposal unit and turn it on. Don’t use hot water. Run the water and the disposal unit for five to ten seconds. Fill up the sink with three to four inches of water and then remove the plug to drain away the waste.
3. Use citrus fruits like lemons to clean the device. Remove any seed that might be in the fruits before you put the pees inside and turn on the device.
4. Clean the garbage disposal lid. Use a brush to scrub it. Some of the smells are from the lid and not the disposal unit.
k. How do faucets work?
Water follows gravity. Faucets work by acting as a lever that controls the flow of water. They work by alleviating pressure in the pipes, Water under pressure seeks to go to areas of lower pressure, When you open the faucet, you are relieving the pressure inside the pipes. If multiple faucets are open at the same time, the pressure lowers. A good faucet should not leak.
l. Why Install a Water Treatment System?
1. Access to fresh drinking water throughout.
2. It’s good for the environment. There will be no need to buy bottled water which is normally packaged in plastic containers.
3. Reduced maintenance costs. Filtered water will also be less corrosive to your pipes. This will reduce the maintenance costs of your property.
4. Good for your skin. No heavy metals, no chlorine or fluoride, substances that irritate the skin.
m. What kind of regular maintenances should be done in a household?
The following checks can be done as part of your maintenance.
1. Inspect pipes for corrosion and leaks.
2. Inspect toilet tanks for leaks.
3. Inspect the drains and P traps. Especially when you notice a slow down in the flow of water.
4. Inspect your water heater. Every year, you need to flush your heater.
5. Clean the aerators in all your faucets.
6, Inspect septic tank and sewer line.
7. Inspect the garbage disposal for leaks as well as the sinks. Check for mildew under the sink, warping or peeling.
8. Inspect the water supply line for the washing machine if there is one.